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Electric power industry of Iran
2/7/2014 12:49:50 PM

In 2009, Iran had an installed electricity generation capacity of more than 50 Giga watts (GW). Most electricity is produced in steam boilers, using inefficient combined-cycle gas-turbine technology. These are powered by gas in the summer, when consumers need less gas for heating. In the winter, fuel oil is used because gas is need for home-heating, thus reducing the amount of gas available for export. Iran has one of the lowest per capita levels of electricity production in the Middle East.

Actually, power industry has its own characteristics based on which it differs from other industries;

Although it seems that there could not be any competitiveness over ownership of the transmission network, there are various types of power markets for promoting competitive power generation.

There is no substitute for electrical energy and nobody prefers to use the old types of electrical instruments.

Loss of electrical energy causes major defects; energy production should be managed so that the end users have a secure, reliable energy with a high quality.

Pollutants generated through the process of electrical energy production should be minimized.

Power industry has a high potential for energy saving.

In addition the abovementioned characteristics, power industry of Iran has some particular characteristics including,

Very high rate of demand growth which includes electrical energy needed for the country development and also energy export to neighboring countries,

Low load factor,

Global drought,

High energy loss through the process of electrical energy generation, transmission, and distribution,

High protection of different types of private sector and foreign investment,

Nowadays, participation of private sector in power generation is more than past years. Major of private sector's power plants were planned to be operated to meet their owner demands. The newly developed generation of private sector's power plants is of a higher electrical power generation and plays a main role in maintaining power system reliability and power quality.

Current energy use trends and inefficiency require greater attention to energy efficiency and resource management and planning. Based on this principal, Ministry of Energy decided to develop distributed power generation.

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Distributed energy resources

Distributed energy resources

Distributed energy resource (DER) systems are small-scale power generation technologies (typically in the range of less than 25 MW) used to provide an alternative to or an enhancement of the traditional electric power system. Distributed cogeneration sources use natural gas-fired micro turbines or reciprocating engines to turn generators.

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Electric power industry of Iran

Electric power industry of Iran

In 2009, Iran had an installed electricity generation capacity of more than 50 Giga watts (GW). Most electricity is produced in steam boilers, using inefficient combined-cycle gas-turbine technology. These are powered by gas in the summer, when consumers need less gas for heating. In the winter, fuel oil is used because gas is need for home-heating, thus reducing the amount of gas available for export. 

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Main benefits of DG

Main benefits of DG

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) generators are also of a more expensive per watt than central generators. They find favor because most buildings already burn fuels, and the cogeneration can extract more value from the fuel. In countries with high pressure gas distribution, small turbines can be used to bring the gas pressure to domestic levels whilst extracting useful energy.

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